Substances have unfortunately become familiar territory to many teens. It's important for both teens and parents to understand this challenge that many are facing right now. To start, there has to be more familiarity with what substances are available to teens these days and what the statistics for usage are.
Some of the most common substances that teens have easy access to are:
Statistics of usage according to the centers for disease control and prevention (CDC):
4 in every 10 9th to 12th graders have tried cigarettes
About 2 in every 10 high school seniors report using prescription meds without a prescription.
By the time they are seniors, about 2/3 of students have tried alcohol.
50% of 9th to 12th graders report using marijuana.
How does substance use affect teens?
It affects their developmental growth, including brain growth.
Can increase the risk of adult health concerns, such as sleep disorders, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
Early substance use increases the chance of dependence on them later in life
It can cause academic difficulties
What are some risk factors for substance abuse?
Family history of substance abuse
Mental health conditions, such as, but not limited to depression or anxiety
Risk taking behavior
Past traumatic experience
Low confidence and self esteem
What are warning signs of substance abuse?
Social problems: having problems with their current friends, communicating with new friends, leaving their current friend group, and changing their physical appearance (outfit, dress style, etc).
Physical changes: more exhausted than usual or more energy, sudden health complaints, and red eyes.
Behavioral: suddenly more aggressive, angry all the time, starting conflicts with immediate family, and just generally more moody.
Academic: no interest in attending school, more absences and tardiness, grades drop, and more behavioral problems in school.